A trademark can be a word, phrase, symbol, or even a sound. As a piece of intellectual property, your trademark uniquely identifies your company, and you may bring an infringement action against anyone else who attempts to use it without your permission. You also have the option to register your trademark with the United States Patent Trademark Office (the “USPTO”). While registration is not a requirement, it does provide a number of benefits.
It is important to do your research before settling on a name or symbol to represent your business. Waiting until after you have built a reputation on an existing name could be a major setback for your startup, particularly if the company whose name you are using files a trademark infringement lawsuit against your business. Also, be aware that while you may be able to register your name with the California Secretary of State, it is still possible that another company is using this trademark and you may be infringing on their rights.
A thorough search with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office’s online database will show if another business is currently operating with the chosen name or symbol in question. A startup attorney can assist you with a “full clearance” search, which will thoroughly examine all industry publications and directories.
You are not required to register your trademark to have protection. By simply being the first to use a trademark in connection with your goods and services, you will have the right to use that trademark within your geographical area. In other words, so long as you can prove that you put the name or symbol into use before anyone else, you are protected. Bear in mind that the burden is on you to supply evidence of being the first to use the trademark.
If you decide not to register your mark, it is important to increase brand awareness and actual notice of your name or slogan via brand marketing and media exposure efforts that will help protect your use of the mark.
Reasons to Register a Trademark
Registering a trademark with the USPTO offers a number of benefits. It provides you with implicit proof that your startup was in fact the first one to use the mark, which acts as a deterrent to others that might use a similar name or slogan. This protection extends to all states. By contrast, an unregistered mark typically only provides protection against other businesses using the same name in Los Angeles or California. Further, if someone infringes on your trademark, registered status gives you the additional option of pursuing legal action.
Options for Registration
You may qualify as the first user of a trademark through actual use or intent to use. The intent-to-use application, filed with the USPTO, allows you to reserve the trademark even before operation of your business takes place. After filing you will have six months to put the mark into use or pay a fee for an additional six-month extension. With few exceptions, you must start using the mark or you will lose it after three years.
Alternatively, you can file an in-use application. In this case, you must show that your startup is currently using the mark in commerce, and demonstrate that the name or symbol is distinct from all other registered trademarks. To be considered distinctive, your mark cannot be overly generic or simply descriptive, such as a basic geographic name like Los Angeles Car Wash. The more fanciful or unique the name or mark, the more likely it is to be considered distinctive.
A qualified startup attorney in Los Angeles can help you navigate the many requirements for trademark registration, and determine the best option for your startup. Thus, the right to use a trademark comes down to which company can prove they started using it first; hence do not hesitate to take the next steps as soon as you think of a great name or slogan for your startup, and seek legal counsel.