What Is A Mutual Fund?

A mutual fund is a way to collect money from different source as a means of investment, this money is then further invested in different types of securities namely bonds, stocks, mutual funds, precious metals, commodities, market instruments etc.

Mutual funds are normally channelized into shared and these could be bought the same way as stocks, which allow mutual funds to have liquidity. Mutual funds are a perfect means of investment especially for small investors since the money is diversified into different and huge amount of investments. The investors have a share in the profits gained; these funds could even be sold to the company on any day at the net value price. The mutual funds can or cannot have free, however those funds that have a load normally provide advice from an expert, this might also help the investor while choosing mutual funds.

Following are some definitions with regard to Mutual Funds

1) An open-ended mutual fund: This is the kind of fund that is sold and bought by the fund. Here an investor normally invests by sending a cheque to the company after which the net asset value is calculated during the end of that business day, the investor is then credited with that amount of shares. When the investor wishes to sell the shares, the company then redeems these shares and hence the amount is again calculated based on the net asset value.

2) A closed ended mutual fund: The price in this case is determined according to the marketplace; if it happens to be above the net asset value then these funds are traded at a premium. If the price is known to be lesser then these funds at traded at a discount rate.

3) Net Asset Value: This is an equation reduces the total amount of assets from the total amount of liabilities, which is then divided by the total amount of shares that are outstanding.

4) Front End Load: This fund is of an open-end fund with a particular sale fee, the term load means a percentage of the entire purchase price, and this declines with other large amounts invested.

5) Back End Load: This fund is also an open-end fund with also a sale fee. The load here is charged to the person investing when they are selling rather than buying.

6) Money Market Fund: Money market funds involve the least amount of risk but also low rates of amount returned. The shares of the money market are liquid and can be redeemed during any time.

7) Exchange Traded Fund: This fund refers to securities, which are like that of index funds; these can be bought or sold during any day like that of common stocks.

8) Equity Fund: These are known to form a major part of stock investments; they are also a very common type. These funds hold about 50% of all the amounts that are invested in the securities of mutual funds in the United States.

9) Growth Fund: This type mainly focuses on buying equities that have the capability of growth. They are known to take risks with high investments and invest in trickier stocks to get to an above average growth stage.


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