Contras of organic farming
But despite the growing popularity of organic farming, this way of farming has its own critics and, certainly, some of their arguments had to be thoroughly analyzed. As I have already mentioned organic farming has enough advantages in comparison with chemical farming but some of these advantages are criticized and here I am going to concentrate my attention on this critic.
Firstly, it is necessary to underline that the growth of organic farming and the interest of agribusiness in it can hurt organic farming because it becomes more commercialized and the profit of the owner becomes the main aim of farming. As a result, nowadays some organic farms are allowed to use some inputs which, potentially, may hurt the environment and human health (eg. sewage). That proves that further chase for profit may threaten the positive image of organic farming and it also leads to the same problems that conventional farming has already got.
Among these problems, I have already named the danger of pesticides used in chemical farming. But critics of organic farming estimate that some synthetic pesticides are made based on natural pesticides. This improvement makes them less dangerous but not absolutely safe.
One more problem of organic farming is the protection of farms from pests. It is a well-known fact that conventional farms solve this problem using different chemicals that is not acceptable in organic farming. But in the case of widespread organic farming and its domination over conventional one, the problem risks becoming a real disaster if methods of natural anti-pests protection won’t be as effective as their artificial counterparts. It is very difficult to foresee the prospects of organic farming in such a situation, especially, if we take into our consideration the fact that conventional farming and the use of artificial means of plants protection forced pests to evaluate and to enforce their vitality and resistance.
Another argument of critics against organic farming is the danger of food contamination by-products of this way of farming. Some specialists consider that organic food can be quite dangerous and provoke some diseases which are caused by food. They also say that some materials used in organic farming are dangerous too (manure contains a human pathogen, some biological toxins, etc.). But as for me, I think that some other factors can cause food contamination: the conditions of storage, the transportation of products, etc.
Finally, the commercialization of organic farming led to the weakening of regulations that permitted to use of such inputs or products that were unimaginable a short time before. For example, in April 2004 USDA adopted a directive that permitted to use of some synthetic pesticides on organic farms. In general, such decisions and trends contradict traditional principles of organic farming which emphasize the presence of only natural ingredients in organic products.
Thus, organic farming has some doubtful aspects that were listed in this part of my work but before criticize, we have to study and compare both organic and conventional farming and nowadays the information concerning two ways of agriculture is obviously not enough, particularly, about organic farming that is not so widespread as its critics.
In my work, I told enough about the positive and negative aspects of organic farming but I still strongly believe that it is much more prospective than wider spread conventional farming. Though I have some doubts about its future because I think that it could hardly survive in its pure form what I know for sure is that we must do our best to develop this branch of agriculture if we want to save our planet and our own health as well. For I think that any human activity must be as close to nature as possible because any intervention of human beings into natural processes very often hurts our environment and, consequently, on people themselves. That is why traditional organic farming with its main principles based on the use of natural materials in agriculture is the most appropriate way of farming that permits people to live by laws and principles of nature.