The name Rila is originating from Thracian roots and is thought to signify “very well-watered mountain”, attributable to Rila’s vast quantity of glacial lakes (around 200) and hot springs at the base of the mountain. The Seven Rila Lakes are one of the most attractive sites all over the world and feature in UNESCO World Heritage. A portion of the Balkans’ longest and most profound rivers begin from Rila, including Maritsa, Mesta and Iskar.
The Rila Monastery is the most well-known monastery in Bulgaria and one of the most beautiful ones in the Balkans, with rich history behind it. It is generally considered that the monastery was established by the hermit St. Ivan of Rila, whose name it bears, amid the jurisdiction of Tsar Peter I (927-968). The recluse was known to live in a cave with no material belongings close to the religious community’s area, while the complex was built by his followers and students, who went to the mountains to receive their training.
As far back as its creation, the Rila Monastery has been bolstered and regarded by the Bulgarian emperors. Huge donations were made by each ruler of the Second Bulgarian Empire up until the Ottoman Conquest, making the Rila Monastery a social and holy centre of Bulgarian national consciousness that achieved its pinnacle from the twelfth to the fourteenth century.
The Rila Monastery was reconstructed at its present spot by Hrelyu, a primitive lord, in the early parts of the fourteenth century. The oldest structures in the mind-boggling date from this period – the Tower of Hrelja (1334-1335) and a little church just alongside it (1343). The religious bishop’s position of authority and the gold-engraved gates of the cloister are a timeless piece of history. Nonetheless, the invasion of the Ottomans toward the end of the fourteenth century was trailed by various assaults and a devastation of the religious community amidst the fifteenth century.
The 7 Rila Lakes are a group of glacial lakes, arranged in the northwestern Rila Mountains in Bulgaria. They are the most attractive location for tourists in whole of Bulgaria. Their altitude is between 2,100-2,500 metres above sea level.
Every lake has a name which categorizes it and fits it perfectly. The most astounding one is called Salzata (“The Tear”) because of the clarity of the water that permit visibility very deep inside it. The highest lake after Salzata is named Okoto (“The Eye”) after its flawlessly oval structure. Okoto is the most profound spherical lake in Bulgaria, with a depth of 37.5 metres. Babreka (“The Kidney”) is the lake that has the steepest shores of the rest of the lakes. Bliznaka (“The Twin”) is the biggest one by territory. Trilistnika (“The Trefoil”) has a sporadic shape and even shores. The least deep lake is Ribnoto Ezero (“The Fish Lake”) and the smallest one by territory and also at the lowest level is Dolnoto Ezero (“The Lower Lake”), where the waters that stream out of the rest of the lakes are accumulated to create the Dzherman River.