Heart disease explained: Signs, symptoms, and how to reduce your risk

India is suffering from one of the heaviest burdens of heart disease in the world. The number of deaths resulting from cardiovascular diseases is thought to be over 4.77 million in the year 2020. The urban and rural populations have both seen a dramatic rise in the incidence of heart diseases over the past few decades. Even people of a young age are seen to be suffering from heart diseases and the numbers are alarming. Studies show that the reason o this high burden of heart disease is the rise in the number of risk factors such as abdominal obesity,Guest Posting diabetes, hypertension, and stress.

As heart disease is such a common issue and it affects a large number of the Indian population, it is always best to be informed about the signs and symptoms of heart diseases. If you have been experiencing any of the symptoms and signs mentioned below, you must visit the one of the top cardiac hospital in India for further investigations. This blog will also discuss the various measures that can reduce the risk of heart diseases and help prevent them.

Types of Heart diseases

Heart diseases can be affected by genetic factors, lifestyle choices, or other damages incurred during the lifetime. Some conditions like high cholesterol, diabetes and high blood pressure can increase the risk of a person developing heart disease. The signs and symptoms of heart diseases may differ based on the kind of heart disease. Some of the most common heart diseases and their signs and symptoms are discussed below.

Coronary heart disease

When the blood vessels of the heart are affected, the condition is known as coronary heart disease. Many times, the arteries can develop plaque build-up which can, in turn, narrow the arteries hindering the blood flow. The narrowing of the arteries can be so severe that it may sometimes cause a full blockage of the blood flow. When the blood flow to certain parts of the body is blocked, it can result in a heart attack.

Signs and symptoms

  • Chest pain
  • Pain in the back, neck, jaw or throat
  • Shortness of breath.

In addition to these symptoms, women may also feel nausea and extreme fatigue.

Arrhythmias

Abnormal speed or rhythm of the heartbeat is known as arrhythmia. Arrhythmia can lead the heartbeat to be irregular, too fast or too slow. If the rhythm of the heartbeat is wrong, it can cause the heart to be unable to pump blood to the rest of the body with enough pressure or force.

Signs and symptoms

  • Fluttering in the chest
  • Fast beating heart- tachycardia
  • Slow heartbeat- bradycardia
  • Discomfort or pain in the chest
  • Dizziness or light-headedness
  • Unconsciousness or passing out

Structural heart disease

The heart is made up of four valves that help to ensure efficient pumping of blood around the body. Any conditions that affect these valves or other structures of the heart can cause serious cardiovascular diseases. Many of these conditions are congenital or present at birth. Others conditions can develop later in life.

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