Uterine fibroids, also known as leiomyoma in medical terms, are benign tumors that predominantly affect women over the age of 35. Although uterine fibroids are not malignant, they can cause a variety of issues, including heavy and painful menstrual bleeding, painful sexual intercourse, and urinary problems. Anemia and iron deficiency can be caused by heavy menstrual flow. As a result, it is critical for people with fibroids to get treatment as soon as possible. While there are various other ways to treat fibroids, surgery is still the most reliable and convenient way to get rid of them.
Fibroid surgery has become the most prevalent method of treating uterine fibroids in India. Patients come to Indian hospitals to have their fibroids surgically removed. International patients choose India as their favorite destination for fibroid surgery because India offers a variety of surgical treatments to address the problem, depending on the severity of the fibroids. Furthermore, people feel it safe and secure to have fibroid surgery in India because of the low cost of surgery, high quality medical care similar to any international facility, and the presence of dedicated and skilled doctors.
The Different Methods To Perform A Fibroid Surgery Are:
- Hysterectomy: This refers to the surgical removal of the uterus, which also includes the excision of uterine fibroids. A hysterectomy, however, eliminates the patients’ ability to bear children. Hysterectomy can be done through the vaginal or abdominal canals, with different recovery times in each scenario. While a patient recovers from a vaginal hysterectomy in a few weeks, she may take twice as long in the case of an abdominal hysterectomy.
- Myomectomy: Another type of fibroid surgery is myomectomy. In most ways, it’s identical to a hysterectomy, but it’s a better alternative for those with a less severe fibroid disease. The majority of the procedure is done through the abdomen. In circumstances when the severity of the fibroids is less severe and the patient is unwilling to give up her potential to bear children, myomectomy is a preferable treatment option. However, it is important to note that if you get a myomectomy, there is a potential that the fibroids will reappear because the root may not be able to completely eliminate them.
- Uterine Fibroid Embolization: The surgery entails the obliteration of the tumor’s blood supply arteries. Embolization is the process of inserting a catheter into an artery to radiologically stop it. The fibroids begin to shrink as the blood supply is cut off. This fibroid removal surgery is less intrusive, thus patients recover faster than with a myomectomy or hysterectomy.
- Laparoscopy: Three or four tiny incisions (5-15mm) are made on the abdomen during laparoscopic surgery. A laparoscope (a small tube with a camera attached) is placed through an incision to allow the surgeon to view the fibroids. The fibroid is chopped into smaller pieces and retrieved through the incision using a special device called a morcellator.