5 stages of writing a term paper

1. Preparatory stage

Choosing a teacher. It is with this step begins writing your term paper, which you are going to defend with “excellent”. Each teacher has his own range of interests, which depend on the topics of term papers and diplomas, as well as teachers vary in character.

Choice of topic. The student is not always given a choice, but there is something you can do. First, as we have said, you need to choose the right supervisor – from those teachers whose topics are closest to you term papers. Then – discuss with the teacher the range of topics that can be taken for the coursework.

Keep in mind that term papers, which are written in the 3rd-4th year, usually become chapters of a thesis. So think ahead! The smartest students already in their first or second year choose the topic of their coursework with a view to their diploma.

Study of general information. Encyclopedias, textbooks, dictionaries, and Internet reviews (or at least Wikipedia) will help you get a general idea of what your term paper is about.

Do not ignore this stage, otherwise it will be difficult to make a coherent plan. But do not burrow into the materials up to your ears yet – perhaps the teacher will make corrections to your plan, will require you to emphasize some issues and omit others.

Make a plan. When you get a general idea of the topic of your term paper, proceed to make a plan. More precisely, there should be two plans: a brief one and a thesis one. First, make a brief plan for writing a term paper, discuss it with the teacher. Then write down the plan in theses: to each paragraph – a paragraph or at least a sentence: what you are going to write about, what issue will be disclosed. And again, to your favorite science teacher. It is better to rewrite the plan five times than to rewrite the entire term paper once!

Making a list of references. Most teachers suggest the main works to rely on when writing a term paper (this is another reason to come for a consultation instead of immediately handing your supervisor a ready-made term paper).

But, as a rule, the books advised by the teacher are not enough. The student must do the work of searching for suitable literature himself. The list of textbooks and encyclopedias will not do (although they can also be specified), the list must include research – articles in scientific journals and collections, monographs. Some departments require that the list of references include works in foreign languages. Do not try to stupidly insert in a list of a hundred foreign titles, copying them from the notes to any monograph – better a few books and articles, but those that you are sure you can at least flip through.

Search for sources. This item is not required in all departments, but in some it is mandatory. For example, historians use chronicles, chronicles, memoirs, diplomatic documents, and archival materials as sources. Philosophers take the writings of brainy representatives of antiquity and modernity, from Aristotle and Kant to Sartre and Kierkegaard. Lawyers use legal sources such as laws, decrees, constitutions, court practice materials. Philologists use literary texts.

Do not confuse sources with literature! In the design of the term paper, they are highlighted separately.

Is it necessary to write the practical part, make calculations and drawings? Be sure to find this out during the first consultation. Not all departments have this requirement, but if there is – this part is usually the most important. And the most problematic.

Especially many problems arise when writing the practical part for future teachers, psychologists, lawyers, economists, managers. The practical part needs to be written on the basis of experiments, surveys, or practice at a particular company.

Memo to students who use coursework writing services, such as studycrumb: if you want a real practical part, order the work early. A specialist can write the theory for three days, and even a day, but the practical part of the night do not slapaesh.

The special requirements of the department and the teacher. Be sure to find out if your supervisor has any special requirements for writing a term paper. How many students, brought to the teacher ready term paper, with bafflement learn that they do not take into account the “most important”!

2. Materials Collection

Strategy for finding materials. So, the plan is approved, some of the literature your teacher advised you. What now – dive headfirst into a whirlpool of information? You can drown there (or, on the contrary, you can wander for a long time in search of materials on a topic on which almost no one has written anything).

First revise your outline and your thesis statement – so that you know what information you need to find. Then analyze the list of sources and literature. Divide it into parts:

1) the “flagships” from which you’ll pull most of the information;

2) supporting materials, from which you’ll pull a quote or two.

Preferably, there should be three to five “flagships. Stealing a chapter of someone else’s dissertation or compiling a couple of articles, you are unlikely to get the coveted “nickel.

Searching for materials on the Internet. The active digitization of books, articles, dissertations, and sources has led to the fact that for the lion’s share of topics “flagships” are easily searchable online. Enthusiasts have posted everything they can find in Russian plus make new translations.



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